Panchakarma includes three parts namely:
1) Poorva Karma (Preparatory Methods) which includes :
- Paachan (Digestion)
- Snehan (Internal and external oleation)
- Swedan (Fomentation)
2) Pradhan Karma (Main methods) which includes :
- Vaman (Induced vomiting)
- Virechan (Induced purgation)
- Basti (Medicated enema)
- Nasya (Nasal medicine)
- Rakta Mokshan (Artificial bloodletting)
3) Pashchat Karma (Post-Therapeutic Measures)
An Ideal Panchakarma treatment includes five different treatments.
- Vaman (emesis) – Induce vomiting with the help specific herbs to remove toxins & excessive kapha dosha from the Upper part of the body specially from the stomach region
- Virechana ( Purgation) – To remove toxins & excessive Pitta dosha from digestive track – especially from small Intestine & large intestine.
- Basti (enema) – This is nothing but enema with medicated oils . This helps to remove excess vata dosha from the colon . It is believed in Ayurveda the Vata dosha is the cause of over 80% of the disease.
- Nasya (nasal drops) – This is useful in removing excess doshas from head region. This is done by special oil or Ghee.
- Raktamokshana (Blood letting) – The purification of blood through blood letting. Liches are use for this purpose. This can be done on specific part of the body. Its useful in inflammatory condition also.